Shanghai has been an important shipping hub for the world for a long time in history. However, the traditional shipping facilities along the City River, or Huangpu River, cannot meet the rapid growth of international trade and the need for shipping services it brought about. As a result, the city has to go to its coastal region to seek new space to develop a deep-water port. Yangshan Island was finally selected thanks for its advantageous location on Hangzhou Bay with waters adequately deep for ship liners.
In 2003, with the inauguration of the construction of Yangshan Island Deep-water Port, the City Government of Shanghai started the development of Lingang Area in order to support the future operation of the port. Lingang was coined then which literally means “close to a port”. The original plan was to make Lingang a new seaside satellite city for Shanghai. After more than ten years of development, Lingang has already emerged as a beautiful coastal city where infrastructure has been constructed and landscape has formed and its development path has also now upgraded from being a satellite city that supports the deep-water port of Shanghai to becoming a self-growing international coastal metropolis in Asia Pacific region.
The total area of Lingang is 315 km2. Standing at the southeast coast of Shanghai, Lingang Area extends to the Great Canal in the north, borders with Fengxian District to the west, and embanked by the East China Sea at its east and by Hangzhou Bay at its south.